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Blooming-July

• African daisies
• Butterfly Bush
• Black-eyed Susan vine
• California Poppies
• Naked ladies
• Ivy geranium
• Jasmine (pink)
• Spanish lavender
• Nasturtium
• Passion Vine
• Potato vine (white)
• Roses
• Rudbeckia
• Calendula
• Sweet Pea Bush

Harvesting-July

• Arugula
• Onion and garlic greens
• Thyme
• Rhubarb
• Tomatoes
• Raspberries

Six Australian Labradoodle Puppies

Mattie with brand new puppies. Sept. 1, 2014

Mattie with brand new puppies. Sept. 1, 2014

Our Australian Labradoodle Madelyn “Maddie” gave birth to six puppies on Monday, September 1. We stayed up all night with her as she paced and panted. This is her second litter and we’ll have her spayed in a few months so this will be her last litter.

Maddie is one of our two breeding dogs. We co-own Maddie and Tillie with Liz Ferris of “Country Labradoodles” in Paso Robles. She sells beautiful labradoodles that are in a line of dogs from Australia and bred for service dogs and therapy dogs for people with allergies. After owning Labrador retrievers, I was looking for dog with the same happy disposition but having non-shedding coats. I found this in the labradoodle.

The new puppies are three days old now. We are already starting to handle them. Madelyn watches us as we carefully lift them, snuggle them, and set them down. She needs to trust us with her babies. Within a day or two, we will begin the Bio-Sensor Program or “Super Dog” stimulation each day with each pup.

Early neurological stimulation will have important and lasting effects on puppies. Please see the article published by Dr. Carmen Battaglia, report on research by the U.S. Military program called “BioSensor” or “Super Dog” on the website “Breeding Better Dogs“.

A "pile of labradoodle puppies" at 3 days.

A “pile of labradoodle puppies” at 3 days.

Week 1 and 2: Puppies are born helpless and completely dependent on their moms. They respond  to the warmth, touch, and the smell of her. The puppies crawl in a circle moving their heads from side to side when trying to find their mother for food or warmth. Their eyes and ears are closed. There is some vocalizations at this stage, especially if hungry, cold or in distress. A good mother is quick to respond to vocalization.

Week 3 and 4: The puppies’ eyes will open. There is a rapid development of motor skills. Focused vision begins at 18-21 days. They begin getting their teeth. The puppies  begin to walk more and leave the nest to eliminate. Yeahhhh!

We increase individual attention, and add toys and other visual objects to their whelping bed and play area. The mother will start to spend short times away from the puppies. Puppies will begin using all of their senses. They need a stable environment and the influence from their mom. Puppies will soon begin play fighting, barking increases. They begin to eat real food, but the mother will continue nursing them. Whenever we feed the puppies, we use the opportunity to teach the command “sit”. You’d be surprised how quickly they learn this command in order to get their bowl of food.

During this period we introduce a variety of new noises: T.V, radio, vacuums, hair dryer, slamming doors. We even have a tape of ”city noises”. We also introduce new areas of the house.  We invite our company to visit and cuddle the puppies as long as they take off their shoes and wash their hands before entering the dog area.

Week 5 and 6: During these weeks. play behavior becomes much more sophisticated, including growling, chasing, and “kill” games (shaking and holding down the toy). They are eating well now, and will start to be weaned. There is much research supporting the conclusion that puppies raised in an environment lacking challenges are more likely to develop into fearful, less successful adults. Home-raised puppies get so much more exposure to everyday challenges.

Many new objects are introduced, steps, tunnels, blocks of wood, cardboard boxes and anything else we have around. The puppies are encouraged to follow our voice and spend time outside with us. Handling continues making eye contact and talking to the puppies several times a day, including play interactions such as fetching toys.

Week 7 and 8:   During this time, more time is spent individually with each puppy, adding new objects for challenge: a maze of objects to run around, larger items to climb over and manipulate. Each puppy is separated for short periods of time from the rest of the litter, teaching more independence and preventing separation anxiety problems later in life. This also encourages bonding and acceptance of humans. And it’s fun to have them alone for a while.

Puppies will experience a trip to the vet for a puppy check-up, meet new people, go for rides in the car, be introduced to walking on a leash and learning to navigate stairs. They will continue to be introduced to new toys, objects, sights, and sounds. Crate training begins. All of this will ensure that all of our puppies make a smooth transition into their new homes with as little stress as possible.

After week 8: Dogs with proper stimuli and socialization will learn quickly and not develop self-destructive behaviors like coat chewing, licking, etc.

Puppies continue to need to be exposed to a wide array of smells, textures, surfaces, sounds, vibrations, tastes, sights, and a variety of people, especially children. The more chances a puppy has to be exposed to something new during the critical socialization periods, the less bothered it will be throughout the rest of its life when confronted by new or frightening things.

Weaning should be complete after 8 weeks, however the mom will continue to play with and teach the puppies. The puppies are very curious. They have very little sense of fear now and will approach and investigate anything and everything.

House breaking begins and the pups learn to eliminate outdoors. Puppies learn to be enjoy grooming and are bathed.

At some time, during the eight weeks we have our puppies in our home, I write a paragraph regarding the personality of each individual puppy. Labradoodles, and in fact all puppies, have specific temperaments at a very early age. Knowing them can help make a perfect match between puppy and owner. Most puppies will be placed in their new homes between 8 and 10 weeks. Learning how to live in a family will be an exciting process. I’ve enjoyed getting pictures and little videos of progress from “forever” families. Raising puppies is very rewarding. I love playing a part in what can be a most exciting part of peoples’ lives.

 

 

Labradoodles Garden Party

Four colors of labradoodles from left to right, cafe, chocolate, red, and cream. Beautiful!

Four colors of labradoodles from left to right, cafe, chocolate, red, and cream. Beautiful!

 

We, who own labradoodles in Cambria, are very proud of our doodles. There are several of us that own them in this town and when we get the chance, we try to get them together in our gardens. We have fun, the dogs have fun, we eat, drink a little wine from local vineyards, and laugh at the pups’ antics.

We had one of our “doodle play dates” the day after the fourth of July. We were all a bit weary after the holiday and the thought of sitting back, enjoying the sun and cool breeze off the ocean, sounded really delightful.

Mattie and Tillie, daughter and mother labradoodles.

Mattie and Tillie, daughter and mother labradoodles.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

All the doodles in attendance are dogs that originally came from Paso Robles’ “Country Labradoodles”. They are Australian Labradoodles, with parentage from Australia, bred to be service and therapy dogs. The dogs got along amazingly well. Unfortunately, our little black labradoodle Madelyn was not in attendance. She had been bred that morning and was home relaxing.

"Mango" is getting a little big to fit in my lap.

“Mango” is getting a little big to fit in my lap.

Green Spotted Beetle Returns in Force

Coreopsis act as a "decoy" attracting beetle away from crops.

Coreopsis act as a “decoy” attracting beetle away from crops.

Besides having to water our entire half-acre by hand due to watering restrictions, I’m having a war with the back and green “ladybug” commonly known as the Western spotted cucumber beetle or Diabrotica. This bug is downright evil. The adults attack asparagus, beans, eggplants, potatoes, tomatoes, peas, squash, corn, cucumbers, and melons. Even worse for home gardeners, it attacks blooms like roses, poppies, and dahlias. It especially likes the color yellow. Not only do they destroy the flowers and fruit, their larvae eat the roots of plants.

The cucumber beetle carries bacteria in their intestines that is spread from plant to plant. Symptoms of these diseases are wilting, browning of leaves and stems, and eventually the plant will die.

 

 

Cucumber beetles love my yellow roses.

Cucumber beetles love my yellow roses.

When I wrote about the dreaded cucumber beetle a few years ago, I thought they had no natural predators. Even my hens would not eat them. Since then, I’ve discovered that the Tachnid fly lays her eggs in the body of insects that are her hosts. One of them is the cucumber beetle. Soldier beetles, parasitic nematodes, and braconid wasps also are enemies to the cucumber beetle. Lacewings and ladybugs eat their eggs and bats swoop down at twilight, and catch the flying cucumber beetle as it searches for a place to spend the night.

 

 

 

Some plants actually repel the cucumber beetle. It helps to place these plants throughout your garden: calendula, catnip, goldenrod, tansy, and nasturtiums.

I don’t use toxic sprays in our garden or on flowers (we have honey bees that we like to keep around) and I’m attached to them. But there are a few “home remedies” that have worked for me in discouraging the damage caused by the spotted cucumber beetle.

  • Wood ashes can be put in 3” trench around plants to discourage the growth of larvae.
  • Mulch deeply to smother the emerging larvae. Spread onion skins on the soil around plants.
  • Put squares of aluminum foil under plants. The pest becomes confused by the reflection and doesn’t which way is up.
  • A reader suggested putting nematodes in the soil around plants to destroy the larvae. In research, this has been found to be affective in research, but I haven’t myself tried it.
  • Another reader asked about using neem oil on the ground around infested plants. I have not tried this but new tests are coming out that show neem oil is not only a repellant but may destroy larvae in the soil.
  • Plant coreopsis around your garden. Cucumber beetles migrate to these pretty yellow flowers. Go around each morning and knock them into a bucket of soapy water. You’ll be surprised how this will reduce the numbers in your garden.

 

Peppers and garlic soak in water overnight.

Peppers and garlic soak in water overnight.

I am now using a “home-made” concoction that was suggested to me by a reader. I’ve been spraying plants at dusk, when bees are not present. I do not spray inside flowers that have pollen. It seems to be working and at least reducing the number of adults that are spending their days decimating my summer blooms. Let me know if you have found another “cure” for this most destructive and annoying critter.  Whatever you do, don’t endanger our beneficial insects. They are in your garden (whether or not we see them) doing their job. We need to protect them.

Recipe for Cucumber Beetle Spray

CUCUMBER BEETLE SPRAY-Kills and Repels

  • 3-6 garlic cloves
  • 6 small hot peppers or 1 Tbls. red pepper flakes
  • 1 cup hot water

Soak overnight then mix in blender. Put through a sieve. Dilute with 3 more cups water and put in spray bottle. This is very strong! Be careful!

Strain pepper mixture and put in spray bottle.

Strain pepper mixture and put in spray bottle.

 

 

Tomatoes Grow in Wine Barrels

Wine barrels were placed in a location on a slight slope.

Wine barrels were placed in a location on a slight slope.

I wasn’t going to plant any produce this year due to the severe drought, but I just can’t say no to TOMATOES! A neighbor brought me six tomato plants of dubious ancestry. He’d started from seed. And my husband, who I’d ask to buy me ONE “Sweet 100s” tomato plant because they produce so well here, bought me a six-pack because they “cost less than a single plant”. I had 12 tomatoes that I didn’t really want but would eventually find a place for.

We decided to try growing tomatoes in some old wine barrels that had once held cymbidium orchids. We placed the three wine barrels on a slight slope. As we were moving them, the bottom of one of the barrels had roted, and it fell out. Oh, well, who needs a bottom. Gardeners need to improvise occasionally.

 

 

 

Small green tomatoes are beginning to form.

Small green tomatoes are beginning to form.

 

 

 

I concocted a soil mixture that I thought would have good drainage, last the entire growing season and not be too expensive. The recipe for the soil mixture is as follows:

  • 5 parts pine bark (as fine as you can find)
  • 2 parts sphagnum peat moss
  • 1 part perlite
  • 1/2 cup dolomite lime
  • 1/4 cut controlled release fertilizer like Osmocote
  • 1 lbs of worm compost or other compost

I wanted a soil mixture that would hold moisture but still provide good drainage. I’ve used Miracle Grow moisture control potting mix from Costco in the past and it has been too moist. The tomato plants actually shriveled and did not thrive.

After eight weeks, my tomato plants in wine barrels are growing nicely. Here in Cambria, due to the cool climate, we seldom get ripe tomatoes until August. It looks like this year, I’ll get an early crop!

 

Spiders are Welcome Here

Spider webs among the apple buds.

Spider webs among the apple buds.

Spider web built overnight in a dormant plum tree.

Spider web built overnight in a dormant plum tree.

We have quite a few spiders in our garden since I don’t use pesticides on my plants. They are natural preditors keeping the pest population down. Even when they get into the house, I’m very tolerant of these creepy critters. When they get underfoot, however, I gently return them to the garden where they can munch on flying and crawling insects to their heart’s content.

Certain times of year the webs are covered with pine pollen and can be clearly seen in the morning light. I love looking at the designs each spider variety creates. In the spring, they show off their new abodes. I’m going to start carrying my camera with me when I go out in the morning to see what patterns I can find.

Spiders here along the coast are really quite harmless to humans. The only ones that will bite are the black widow spider. I find them in woodpiles and water valve boxes. I alway wear gloves when I reach into these a damp, dark, widow territories. Their bite is more like a “sting” than a bite, but still to be avoided.

Should you let spiders live and occupy your garden? Yes, yes, yes. They are your friends and allies. The more spiders you have in your garden, the healthier it will be.

Labradoodle Playdate

We had four Australian labradoodles in our garden last week. They are such joyous dogs. Running through the garden, smelling all the animal scents left behind by native visitors. They stood staring through the fencing at the chickens. Yes, I kept the hens locked in. Then they collapsed in exhausting on the deck where we were enjoying a late afternoon glass of wine.

There are a few Australian labradoodles in Cambria from our breeder Elizabeth Ferris in Paso Robles, owner of Country Labradoodles. These are exceptional dogs and are often chosen as service or therapy dogs due to their calm temperament. Our two girls, Tillie and Maddie are bright, easy to train, and exceptional companions. Tillie is a “cafe” chocolate, almost what they call “lavender” and about 45 pounds. Maddie is a black medium-sized at about 35 pounds. They have had beautiful puppies all of them non-shedding.

From left to right: Mattie (at 16 weeks), Chloe, Tillie, and Maddie. All Australian Labradoodles.

From left to right: Mattie (at 16 weeks), Chloe, Tillie, and Maddie. All Australian Labradoodles.

One of the puppies, “Mattie”, a medium chocolate girl, was sold to a couple here in Cambria. She is a only 16 weeks old, a reddish brown with a white blaze on her chest. At last I get to see one of our puppies grow up here. While I’ve stayed in touch with many of the owners of our puppies, none have actually stayed locally. I’m having such fun seeing one actually growing and thriving.

In the pictures below, “Chloe”, a beautiful standard-sized labradoodle was included for the afternoon. What a gentle, fun girl. Chloe vacations regularly in Cambria from Southern California.

Learn more about our Australian Labradoodles here.

Four Australian Labradoodles resting after a playing in the garden.

Four Australian Labradoodles resting after a playing in the garden.

More about A Coop for the Garden

After 6 years, vines are  covering the henhouse and run. These will have to cut back soon.

After 6 years, vines are covering the henhouse and run. These will have to cut back soon.

I found some pictures that may help you with designing a chicken coop that looks good in a garden setting. The chicken coop my husband built six years ago is not perfect but it has served our hens well. It was a little too small for our original six hens but is just about perfect for four. Right now it is housing three healthy hens.

The henhouse has nests that can be accessed from the outside

The henhouse has nests that can be accessed from the outside

I say it is not perfect because, after using it for six years, we know what we’d do differently. First of all, the tiny henhouse is only 4′x 5′. The two nest boxes (14″d x 17w x 15h”) are accessed from the inside and the outside which I like. It’s easy for the grandkids to collect eggs and I don’t have to go inside to gather them.

Building the henhouse.

Building the henhouse.

The inside of the coop with nest boxes on the left.

The inside of the coop with nest boxes on the left.

We thought the small henhouse would be large enough since we live in a temperate climate where the food and water can be outdoors. What we didn’t take into account was the fact that rats come into the run at night and steal the food. We have to cover the food dispenser to keep them away at night. Also, sparrows and tohees help themselves all day long. I just consider it cheap wild birdfood.

Sliding door for chickens allowing them access to run during the day. It is closed at night.

Sliding door for chickens allowing them access to run during the day. It is closed at night.

The roost was only 4′ across for six hens. A tight squeeze but they like cuddling. It also would be nicer to have space for a hen to have chicks. If I had a few more feet, in the back, I could have put in a nestbox and area on the ground for chicks and a mama hen, or a brooder if I wanted to do it myself.

There is a long, narrow, window above the nest boxes that has hardware wire covering it to keep out raccoons.  It doesn’t have a cover. Just open to the air. Great ventilation in this mild climate where it seldom gets below 40 degrees at night, even in the winter. There is an old stained-glassed window on the other side opposite the nests that can be opened if needed.

Pullets discovering their new sliding door to outside.

Pullets discovering their new sliding door to outside.

 

The run, where the hens spend their days is about 8′ x 16′ and more space than what is needed. Giving the hens more space keeps problems in check. They can dustbathe, pick at a bale of alfalfa, sun themselves and eat and drink all day. It has partial sun and shade from an old coastal oak tree. The pen has hardware wire on the lower parts of the sides that go into the ground about 12″. If I were to do it again, I’d put hardware wire up all the way on the sides and top. That would eliminate the rats and wild birds. We covered the wire on the top with lucite panels to keep out the rain.

So many of you have expressed interest in our coop. It certainly looks different than it did when we built it. It’s nearly covered with vines. We’ll be cutting them back soon. I like that it “fits into” the garden but I don’t want it to disappear. It’s much too cute!

First night on their roost before the interior was painted.

First night on their roost before the interior was painted.

Sunset Magazine’s – Savor the Central Coast

Sunset's diplay adI’ve subscribed to Sunset Magazine  since my young “alternative living” days. Long hair, long dresses, a little farm in the hills of the magnificent Marin County. Heavenly…… I still subscribe to Sunset magazine but my lifestyle has changed (a little). There are still chickens running around in the yard but I don’t wear long skirts. Sunset magazine is still practical and down to earth, and it still inspires me to get out and do it. Whatever “it” is.

When we moved from Marin to Cambria 12 years ago Sunset switched my issues from the Northern to the Southern California region. Guess it was the change in zip code. It just wasn’t the same. I wasn’t familiar with the Los Angeles to San Diego area, and not that interested in getting to know it. In addition, the gardening in cool Cambria was actually more similar to San Francisco than Southern California and it was there that I’d become a Master Gardener.  I asked Sunset Magazine if I might receive the Northern California edition and they were happy to oblige.

Now Sunset Magazine has discovered our little corner of paradise. So far I’ve missed “Savor the Central Coast” at Santa Margarita Ranch, but hope to go in the coming year. It will be held September 25 – 28, 2014. Exact dates still to be announced.

You’ll love this if you love the Central Coast. Food Chanel’s “Savor the Central Coast”

Storing Avocados for Later Use

Avocado with sheet of plastic wrap on it.

Avocado with sheet of plastic wrap on it.

Avocados are one of my favorite fruits. The “pear shaped” seed with surrounding “meat” has been nicknamed the “alligator pear” because of the leather-like appearance of its skin. Originally from Mexico and Central America, it grows on the Persea Americana tree that thrives along the central California coast. When picked, avocados can weigh 5 oz. – 2 lbs.

Storing avocados for any length of time can be nearly impossible. When you buy avocados they can be very firm. It may take a week for them to ripen at room temperature in your kitchen. Then whammy! They are too ripe and have turned dark and become bitter in taste. I have found a solution for storing ripened avocados so that you can eat them in daily salads or save them for guacamole when you have the urge.

Ripe avocado wrapped in plastic wrap.

Ripe avocado wrapped in plastic wrap.

Avocados are ripe when they “give” to slight pressure from your fingers. To prepare ripe avocados for storage tear off a piece of plastic wrap about 12” x 12” in size. Wrap the avocados in the wrap.

As you use the avocado, cut sections and peel off the skin. Try to peel it so that the dark green part of the avocado next to skin remains. This contains beneficial nutrients. To store the unused portion, leave the seed in place and put the two halves together. Wrap as you did when the avocado was intact.

Wrapped avocados will last in the refrigerator for about 1-2 weeks. I am no longer hesitant to buy more than one avocado at a time or to take advantage of bulk pricing. Hope this works for you!

 

When partially used, put pieces together and cover with plastic wrap.

When partially use, put pieces together and cover with plastic wrap.

 

Keep wrapped avocadoes in refrigerator

Keep wrapped avocadoes in refridgerator

 

 

 

Website Reorganization-Sorry for the Inconvenience

At a Valentine's garden party.

At a Valentine’s garden party.

 

Dear Friends. I’m in the process of combining my two websites. I’ve been moving pictures and posts from Backyard Hencam to Central Coast Gardening. It will be much easier to put both gardening posts and chicken blogs on one website and I’ll be able to keep them updated more easily.

Please be patient with me as I dive into this technology. You will notice that I have many things to fix as I limp along.

Lee